Singapore University of Social Sciences

Thinking and Reasoning

Thinking and Reasoning (CCO101)


CCO101 aims to teach students the basic elements of sound reasoning and also provides the first steps to critical thinking. Students start by understanding what thinking is in the philosophical sense through introductory philosophical works on skepticism, consciousness, and theory of knowledge. This is followed by teaching students basic logic and common-place fallacies so that they learn how to map argument structures, identify and explain erroneous reasoning, and construct counter-arguments. Finally, students learn to question assumptions and reconceptualise problems from a critical perspective while understanding mass opinions, propaganda through the creation of circumstances, and hegemonic discourses.

Level: 1
Credit Units: 5
Presentation Pattern: -


  • Skepticism and Knowledge
  • Consciousness
  • Ways of knowing
  • Justified True Beliefs
  • Socratic Dialogues
  • Logic and Critical Thinking
  • Fallacies and Paradoxes
  • Reasoning in Politics
  • Conspiracy Theories
  • Mass-man
  • Objectivity, Relativity and Subjectivity
  • Propaganda and Hegemony

Learning Outcome

  • Relate different thinking skills to real-world contexts
  • Explain different types of thinking skills
  • Develop arguments and counter-arguments
  • Respond with alternative ways of comprehending issues
  • Appraise different types of knowledge and information
  • Solve real-world issues and problems
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