Singapore University of Social Sciences

Sangam Classical Poetry of Love (Agham)

Sangam Classical Poetry of Love (Agham) (TLL307)


The golden age of Agham literature or Sangam Literature precedes all other golden ages in the Tamil history. Sangam poems fall under two broad categories: puram (the heroic) and agham (the erotic). Agham poems are mode of numerous verses composed by different poets at various times and places. Agham concentrates on love sentiments and events related to it. They stand as the finest examples of classical poetry, both in theme and manner of expression. In this course, students will learn about Tamil social history: the customs, food, dress, and ornaments of the Tamils; and the five geographical areas (Kurinji, Marutham, Palai, Mullai and Neidal) by which ancient Indian land was divided, and the influence of their related traditions.

Level: 3
Credit Units: 5
Presentation Pattern: Every January


  • சங்க இலக்கிய அகத்திணைக் கோட்பாடுகள்
  • சங்க இலக்கியம் - ஐங்குறுநூறு
  • சங்க இலக்கியம் - குறுந்தொகை
  • சங்க இலக்கியம் - நற்றிணை
  • சங்க இலக்கியம் - அகநானூறு
  • சங்க இலக்கியம் - கலித்தொகை
  • சங்க இலக்கியம் - முல்லைப்பாட்டு
  • சங்க இலக்கியம் - பரிபாடல்

Learning Outcome

  • Demonstrate various forms and contents of Sangam Akam Literature. (B3)
  • Differentiate between akam and puṟam literatures. (B4)
  • Summarize knowledge of Eṭṭuttokai and Pattuppāṭṭu. (B5)
  • Illustrate the social life of the Tamils during Sangam period. (B3)
  • Appraise the lives of the Tamils in the five geographical areas. (B4)
  • Infer how akam literature depicts the social lives of the Tamils. (B5)
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